Chameleon Pet Owners

A Comprehensive Guide


Chameleons are fascinating creatures known for their ability to change colors, their long, sticky tongues, and their unique eyes that can move independently of each other. While they are not the most common household pets, chameleons can make wonderful companions for those who are willing to provide them with the specialized care they require.

Types of Chameleons

There are over 200 species of chameleons, but the most common types kept as pets include:

  • Veiled chameleons: These are the most popular pet chameleons, known for their docile temperament and relatively easy care requirements.
  • Panther chameleons: These are larger chameleons that are known for their striking coloration. They are more demanding to care for than veiled chameleons.
  • Jackson’s chameleons: These are arboreal chameleons that require a tall enclosure with plenty of climbing branches. They are generally considered to be intermediate-level pets.

Chameleon Care

Chameleon Care Guide – Keeping and Breeding Healthy Chameleons Made Easy!

Chameleons require specialized care to thrive in captivity. Some of the most important aspects of chameleon care include:

  • Enclosure: Chameleons need a large enclosure that is tall enough for them to climb. The enclosure should be well-ventilated and have a misting system to maintain humidity levels.
  • Temperature and humidity: Chameleons are ectothermic, meaning they rely on external sources to regulate their body temperature. The ideal temperature for most chameleons is between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit at night. Humidity levels should be between 60 and 80 percent.
  • Diet: Chameleons are insectivores, meaning they eat insects. A variety of insects, such as crickets, roaches, and mealworms, should be offered daily. Insects should be dusted with a calcium supplement to prevent nutritional deficiencies.
  • Lighting: Chameleons need UVB lighting to synthesize vitamin D3, which is essential for bone health. They also need a basking spot where they can warm themselves.

Handling Chameleons

Chameleons are solitary creatures and should not be handled excessively. Handling can stress chameleons and make them more susceptible to illness. If you do need to handle your chameleon, do so gently and for a short period of time.

Common Chameleon Health Problems

Some of the common health problems that chameleons can experience include:

  • Metabolic bone disease: This is caused by a lack of calcium and vitamin D3. Symptoms include soft bones, deformities, and fractures.
  • Mouth rot: This is a bacterial infection of the mouth. Symptoms include swelling, redness, and loss of appetite.
  • Parasites: Chameleons can carry a variety of parasites, including worms and protozoa. Symptoms of parasites can include weight loss, diarrhea, and lethargy.

Chameleon Rescue and Adoption

If you are considering getting a chameleon, it is important to adopt from a reputable rescue or breeder. Many chameleons end up in shelters or rescue organizations due to improper care or lack of research. Adopting a chameleon can give a deserving animal a second chance at a happy life.


Chameleons can make wonderful companions, but they are not for everyone. They require specialized care and should only be kept by experienced reptile keepers. If you are committed to providing your chameleon with the care it needs, you will be rewarded with a unique and fascinating pet.